In Wellington Park there are distinct microclimates due to topography, altitude, and access to sun and moisture. Geological activity has resulted in varied soil types, hence, the vegetation across the Park is highly diverse.
Early naturalists were fascinated by the Mountain’s flora, taking specimens for collections in England.
Contemporary research has since identified the richness and significance of the Park’s flora which features:
- over 500 native species, representing about 30% of Tasmania’s native vascular flora;
- over 80 species only found in the State representing about 30% of the total number of Tasmania’s vascular endemics (the Mountain, in particular, is recognised as one of Tasmania’s richest sites in terms of number of endemic species, with two species being found only in this area);
- a number of vascular species which have conservation significance because they are poorly reserved, or threatened;
- a total of 164 mosses, 130 liverwort (60% of Tasmania’s ‘bryoflora’) and 95 macrolichen species; and
- ten plant communities which have a restricted distribution or are poorly reserved in Tasmania.
All flora within Wellington Park is protected and permits are required to collect or remove any vegetation.
Both fire and human land use have impacted vegetation. Over 130 exotic vegetation species have been recorded in the Park, predominantly in the foothills near modified areas. Control programs are conducted by community groups, and neighbours are encouraged to reduce invasive species in their gardens.
Visitors are reminded to wash their boots and gaiters before visiting the Park to reduce the spread of Phytophthora cinnamomi, or root rot. Identified around the fringe of Wellington Park, phytophthora has the potential to spread and devastate local vegetation. The Wellington Park Hygiene Protocol provides guidelines for organisations operating in the Park to reduce the spread of root rot and weeds.
For more information on vegetation research opportunities in the Park contact the Manager.