The range of altitude, vegetation and landforms across the Mountain influences fauna diversity. Consequently, the Park is species rich with many significant communities and threatened species.
During the 1800s early naturalists visited Mount Wellington and collected numerous species. Contemporary research has since confirmed the importance of the Park’s fauna which features:
- optimal habitat (high altitude boulder screes) for the endemic long-tailed mouse;
- at least 67 bird species, indicating that the Park supports one of the richest avifaunas for an area of its size in Tasmania (55 species are regularly observed including many of Tasmania’s 12 endemics);
- three bird species considered to be threatened in Tasmania - wedge tailed eagles, swift parrots and grey goshawks;
- the presence of breeding sites (sandstone cliffs) for peregrine falcons;
- an alpine adapted lizard;
- an estimated 5 000 to 6 000 invertebrate species, many of these being endemic and some having very restricted distributions;
- a suite of invertebrates restricted to the alpine and subalpine zones that are of great scientific and conservation significance;
- the presence of some species of invertebrates (both terrestrial and freshwater) that are possibly restricted to Wellington Park;
- the presence of three invertebrate species which are officially classified as rare or threatened in Tasmania;
- the presence of endemic invertebrates eg. terrestrial amphipods (crustaceans) which could be used as bio-indicators of climate change; and
- the occurrence of two specialised invertebrate habitats, pseudo–karst and sandstone cliffs.
Wellington Park is home for the long–nose potoroo, pademelon, bettong, southern brown and eastern barred bandicoots, brush tail, ring–tail, pygmy and eastern pygmy possums, eastern quoll, platypus and echidna, swamp rat, long-tailed mouse, dusky antechinus and various species of bats. Information on these and other species is available through the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service.
In damp places in and around the Park reside the Tasmanian and brown froglet, brown tree frog, southern toadlet, bull frogs, spotted grass frogs and the endangered green and gold frog.
Reptiles found in the Park include blue–tongued lizards, mountain dragons, a variety of skinks, all three of Tasmania’s snakes – the tiger, copperhead and white–lipped snake.
All fauna within Wellington Park is protected and permits are required for any collection and/or monitoring.
A number of exotic species including house mice, black rats, rabbits, blackbirds, goldfinches, sparrows, feral cats, goats and bumble bees are found in the Park. These species have a detrimental effect on native flora and fauna, and the integrity of natural systems.
For information on research opportunities on introduced and native species in the Park contact the Manager.
More information on the fauna in Wellington Park can be found in the publications listed or through the Tasmanian Field Naturalists.